There’s a lot of behind the scenes hard work that goes into the making of hundreds of websites we browse through daily. While it’s not rocket science, it is not child’s play either.
HTML is the basic programming that builds the structure of a webpage, while CSS takes care of everything that meets the eye – the final presentation.
CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and was introduced much later than HTML. It is used to provide detail to a webpage’s presentation including fonts, colours, and layout.
There are plenty of benefits of switching to CSS for your webpage styling:
- Save time and money:
- Faster Loading:
- More Content, Less Code:
With CSS, you can style all the web pages of your website by tweaking a single document of CSS code and don’t have to worry about styling in the HTML document.
Even from an SEO point of view, faster loading time of your website is appreciated. Since CSS is an externally located document, it will only be retrieved once somebody visits your website thus reducing bandwidth usage.
With content becoming the king, your website can have more content than code with CSS. All the styling aspect of the coding will be separated by a CSS document.
Your viewer could be using a laptop, phone or a tablet. CSS allows you to cascade to different viewing options conveniently. It might even help curate different styling formats for printouts.
Web designing is tricky and when it comes to reducing overhead burdens, people usually go an extra mile to make things better and end up making some of the most common mistakes.
- Neglecting CSS reset:
- Forgetting to use shorthand properties:
- Using colour names:
A CSS reset baselines all the HTML elements to a specific value. This means you will have a clean board to begin with and don’t have to worry about previous settings.
The basic aim when coding is to make the code as short as possible. CSS offers plenty of shorthand properties which people often fail to use and end up writing excessive code.
You are working in the world of binary and when you use colour names directly, you are assuming the browser to implement what it thinks is red. You don’t want mismatching colours, so find a colour datasheet and use Hexadecimal codes.
CSS Cheat Sheet
CSS is now a basic element while designing a website and as a CSS programmer, you can’t possibly keep in mind thousands of code snippets, unless you are a robot. This is where cheat sheets come into play and they are a lifesaver.
A cheat sheet will help you increase productivity and also let you double check the snippets of code you had a doubt in. Moreover, they are available for free on the web so there’s definitely no harm in getting some help.
CSS is an equally important front-end element as the web page itself. The flexibility of CSS allows it to be used with HTML, XML, XUL, SVG and more, makes it an even more inseparable part of a front-end developers life.